List of English suffixes
 

 
LISTA DE PREFIJOS Y SUFIJOS INGLESES
List of English suffixes
Lista de sufijos ingleses

List of English prefixes
Lista de prefijos ingleses
verb-forming suffixes
formacion de sufijos
verb forming prefixes...
This is an incomplete list of suffixes in English. Note that this list includes only derivational suffixes (which form new words, often of a different part of speech) and suffixes which serve to mark the part of speech. It does not include the inflectional suffixes which only produce new forms of a word without changing the part of speech, eg -s for the plural of nouns.
Suffix
Part of speech
Meaning
Examples
Effect on word stress


-able
adj
capable, can do
usable, notable, comfortable
Neutral


-ably
adv
notably, fashionably
Neutral


-ad
noun
group
triad, monad


-ade
noun
lemonade, accolade, blockade
Stressed suffix


-age
noun
forming a noun
marriage, mileage, garage
Neutral


-agogy
noun
leading
pedagogy, demagogy
Stressed suffix


-al
adj
aspect of
nominal, focal, (compare -ality)
Neutral


-al
noun
abstract noun
refusal, appraisal
Neutral


-ality
noun
property (aspect, behaviour, condition) of
proportionality, sexuality (see -al and -ity)
Stressed suffix


-an
adj
urban
Neutral


-an
adj, noun
republican, Roman, veteran
Neutral


-ance
noun
relevance, annoyance, repentance
Neutral


-ancy
noun
pregnancy, redundancy, vacancy
Neutral


-ant
adj
relevant, dominant, pleasant
Neutral


-ant
noun
assitant, immigrant, inhabitant
Neutral


-ar
adj
linear, alveolar
Neutral


-ar
noun
beggar, liar
Neutral


-ard
noun
drunkard, coward, wizard, steward
Neutral


-ary
adj
ordinary, secondary, military
Neutral


-ary
noun
dictionary, library, seminary
Neutral


-arch
noun
ruler, leader
monarch, tetrarch
Neutral


-archy
noun
rule, leadership
gynarchy, anarchy
Neutral


-ate
adj
literate, desperate, fortunate
Neutral


-ate
noun
certificate, advocate
Neutral


-ate
verb
concentrate, oscillate
Neutral


-athlon
noun
sporting event
pentathlon, decathlon
Stressed suffix


-ation
noun
state or concept of
invitation, pronunciation, starvation
Stressed suffix


-ation
noun
from verb with -ate, state or concept of
concentration, oscillation, narration
Stressed suffix


-ative
adj
talkative, lucrative, affirmative
Neutral


-atory
noun
laboratory, conversatory


-bound
adv
heading in the direction of
inbound, outbound, citybound


-cele, -coele, -coel
noun
body cavity
mucocoel or mucocoele


-cele
noun
tumor, hernia
hydatidocele


-centesis
noun
puncturing
amniocentesis, rachicentesis


-cephalic
adj
relating to the head
anencephaly, macrocephaly


-chondrion
noun
small grainlike structure
mitochondrion


-cide
noun
murder, killing agent
suicide, vespacide, regicide, fratricide
Neutral


-city
noun
practice
atrocity


-cy
noun
expressing the quality of an adjective
diplomacy, literacy, idiocy
Neutral


-cycle
noun
circle, cycle, unit of radio frequency
epicycle, hydrocycle
Neutral


-dom
noun
state or condition of
freedom, boredom, kingdom
Neutral


-ectasia, -ectasis
noun
stretching out
brochiectasis, telangiectasia


-ectomy
noun
surgical removal
laryngectomy, vasectomy
Stressed suffix


-ed
adj
bored, tiled
Neutral


-ee
noun
changes verb to a noun (the object of that verb)
employee, referee, payee
Stressed suffix


-eer
adj
engineer, overseer
Stressed suffix


-eme
noun
linguistic unit
lexeme, phoneme, morpheme


-emia
noun
blood condition
leukemia, anaemia
Stressed suffix


-en
adj
golden, wooden, written, frozen
Neutral


-en
verb
lessen, deafen, frighten
Neutral


-enchyma
noun
cellular tissue
mesenchyma, karyenchyma


-ence
noun
independence, violence, absence
Neutral


-ency
noun
frequency, clemency, consistency
Neutral


-ent
adj
different, excellent, independent
Neutral


-ent
noun
resident, regent, superintendent
Neutral


-eous
adj
courteous
Neutral


-er
noun
changes verb to noun (the subject of that verb, see also -or)
write, writer
Neutral


-ergy
noun
work
energy, synergy


-ern
adj
direction
western, northern
Neutral


-ery
noun
slavery, machinery, nunnery
Neutral


-ese
adj, noun
nationality, language
Chinese, Lebanese, Portuguese
Stressed suffix


-esque
adj
in the style of
Pythonesque, Romanesque, picturesque
Stressed suffix


-ess
noun
female
actress, waitress, stewardess, priestess
Neutral


-esthesis, -esthesia
noun
sensation, feeling
synesthesia, kinesthesis
Stressed suffix


-etic
adj
energetic, sympathetic, frenetic


-ette
noun
small ~
diskette, statuette, usherette
Stressed suffix


-fare
noun
how things are going / coming along
welfare, fanfare, warfare
Stressed suffix


-ful
adj
full of, having some or much
hopeful, useful
Neutral


-gate
noun
a scandal, often political (back-formed from the Watergate scandal)
Watergate, nipplegate
Neutral


-gnosis
noun
knowing
prognosis, diagnosis
Stressed suffix


-gon
noun
angle
polygon, pentagon
Neutral


-gry
noun
adjective form of only 2 or 3 nouns in the English language
angry, hungry
Neutral


-hedron
noun
seat, face
icosahedron, tetrahedron
Stressed suffix


-holic
adj
love, addiction
alcoholic, workaholic
Stressed suffix


-hood
noun
state/condition of, a group sharing characteristics
brotherhood, adulthood, falsehood
Neutral


-ia
noun
abnormal state
mania, apraxia, dementia, dysarthria
Stress on previous syllable


-iable
adj
sociable
Stress on previous syllable


-ial
adj
special, filial, remedial
Stress on previous syllable


-ian
adj
mammalian
Stress on previous syllable


-ian
adj, noun
Brazilian, Christian
Stress on previous syllable


-ian
noun
librarian, barbarian, physician
Stress on previous syllable


-iant
adj
deviant, defiant
Stress on previous syllable


-iary
adj
tertiary
Stress on previous syllable


-iate
verb
asphyxiate, deviate
Stress on previous syllable


-ible
adj
capable, can do (same as -able)
incredible, terrible, visible


-ibly
adv
incredibly, responsibly, terribly
Stress on previous syllable


-ic
adj
(adjective)
neurotic, electronic, historic
Stress on previous syllable


-ical
adj
historical, phonological, economical
Stress on previous syllable


-ics
noun
the study of
Physics,Aerodynamics,Forensics, economics
Stress on previous syllable


-id
adj
(categorical) property (aspect) of
hominid, tepid, candid, fervid (compare -al)


-iency
noun
expedieny
Stress on previous syllable


-ient
adj
salient, sentient, expedient
Stress on previous syllable


-ier
noun
cashier, financier, gondolier
Stress on previous syllable


?ify, ?fy
verb
to become, make
clarify, specify, basify, vilify
Stress on previous syllable


-ile
adj
tactile, facile, volatile
Neutral


-illion
large numbers
million, billion


-ious
adj
delicious, ambitious, religious, vivacious
Stress on previous syllable


-ing
noun
noun from verb, in the process of
doing, acting
Neutral


-ing
noun
bedding, stuffing, roofing
Neutral


-ion
noun
action, companion


-ish
adj
adjective from noun; sort of; approximately
foolish, selfish, greenish, tallish
Stress on previous syllable


-ish
adj, noun
nationality, language
Spanish, Turkish, English
Stress on previous syllable


-ism
noun
doctrine, act, practice, condition
Protestantism, alcoholism, Buddhism, southernism
Neutral


-ist
noun
person
dentist, socialist, cellist
Neutral


-ista
adept
fashionista


-ite
noun
member of a group
socialite, Carmelite
Neutral


-itis
noun
disease, inflammation
hepatitis, gingivitis
Stressed suffix


-itive
adj
sensitive
Neutral


-itude
noun
attitude, gratitude, Beatitude
Stress on previous syllable


-ity
noun
expressing state or condition
normality, formality, banality
Stress on previous syllable


-ium
noun
metallic element (exception: helium)
sodium, Calcium
Stress on previous syllable


-ive
adj
make the noun an adjective
defensive, aggressive, passive
Neutral


-ization/-isation
noun
organization/organisation, categorization/categorisation
Neutral


-ize/-ise
verb
to cause, to be, to become
materialize/materialise, idolize/idolise
Neutral


-izzle
used for hip hop slang
Americizzle


-kinesis
noun
movement (ability thereof)
telekinesis


-less
adj
lack of
homeless, useless, careless
Neutral


-let
noun
diminutive, or denoting a relation to some part of the body
ringlet, hamlet, anklet
Neutral


-like
adj
having the qualities of
childlike
Neutral


-ling
noun
smaller, younger, cuter or weaker version of the noun root OR sharing an identity or quality of the noun root (e.g. as a follower)
darling, duckling, earthling, sapling
Neutral


-ly
adj
-like, having the attributes of
stately, monthly
Neutral


-ly
adv
-like, having the attributes of
quickly
Neutral


-man
noun
person
fireman, statesman
Neutral


-mancy
noun
divination by
crystallomancy, bibliomancy, necromancy
Neutral


-mania
noun
an irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action
kleptomania, megalomania, mythomania
Stressed suffix


-ment
noun
abstract noun
movement, amazement, government
Neutral


-meter
noun
measuring device
barometer, thermometer


-metry
noun
measure
symmetry, geometry, isometry


-mony
noun
testimony, ceremony
Neutral


-morphism
noun
form
isomorphism, homomorphism


-most
adj
utmost, innermost
Neutral


-ness
noun
abstract noun
kindness, ruthlessness, darkness
Neutral


-nik
noun
Slavic origin; corresponds to "-er"
otkaznik, beatnik


-ocracy
noun
system of government
kakistocracy, democracy, androcracy
Stressed suffix


-ogram
noun
writing, description
ideogram
Stressed suffix


-ography
noun
study of
stenography, geography, photography
Stressed suffix


-oid
adj
resembling
solenoid, hominoid


-oid
noun
resembling
planetoid


-ologist
noun
one who studies a scientific subject
archaeologist
Stressed suffix


-ology
study, science
biology, psychology, planetology
Stressed suffix


-ome
noun
subject of an "-omics"
genome


-omics
noun
study of rules
proteomics, economics
Stressed suffix


-onomy
noun
knowledge of
astronomy
Stressed suffix


-onym
noun
name, word
antonym, consonym, heteronym


-opsy
noun
examination
autopsy, biopsy


-or
noun
changes verb to noun (see also -er), person
actor, governor
Neutral


-or or -our
noun
candor, fervour, color


-ory
adj
auditory, sensory
Neutral


-ory
noun
history, repository


-ose
adj
full of, like, given to; carbohydrates, protein derivatives
verbose; globose


-osis
noun
process, action, formation, diseased condition
mitosis, osmosis, ostosis, psychosis


-ous
adj
adjectival suffix
porous, disastrous, nervous
Neutral


-phagy, -phagia
noun
eating
monophagy


-philia
noun
attraction
hemophilia


-phobia
noun
fear
acrophobia, mysophobia


-phone
noun, adj
sound, audio; speaker of a language
telephone, homophone; Anglophone
Neutral


-phyte
noun
plant, used in botany to create terms which categorise plants based on their life-history, growth-form or ecological preferences
therophyte, halophyte


-polis
noun
referring to city or big area
Metropolis, Indianapolis


-science
noun
knowing
omniscience, prescience, conscience


-scope
noun
from Greek skopos, view; instrument for viewing and observing spaces
microscope, telescope, kaleidoscope, periscope


-script
noun
written
manuscript, transcript


-ship
noun
abstract noun, state of being
friendship, relationship, dictatorship
Neutral


-sion
noun
noun that has been altered from a process
decision, illusion
Stress on previous syllable


-some
adj
tiresome, awesome, fulsome
Stress on previous syllable


-stan
noun
land, country
Afghanistan


-ster
noun
person
youngster, gangster
Neutral


-t
adj
burnt, spoilt
Neutral


-th, -eth
adj
ordinal number
tenth, millionth, twentieth


-th
noun
forming a noun
growth, health, depth, strength


-tion
noun
noun that has been altered from a process
evaporation, introduction
Stress on previous syllable


-tom, -tome
noun
part or segment
dermatome


-tropism
noun
to turn
phototropism


-ty
noun
certainty, loyalty
Neutral


-uary
noun
sanctuary, mortuary


-ulent
adj
turbulent, fraudulent


-uous
adj
tempestuous, unctuous, sensuous
Neutral


-ure
noun
failure, exposure, temperature
Neutral


-us
noun
inflammation
ulcus


-ville
noun
city, town from French
Nashville


-vore, -vorous
noun / adj
to devour
carnivore, herbivore


-ward or -wards
adj, adv
direction
southward, inward, upward
Neutral


-ware
noun
software
hardware, software, freeware


-ways
adj
sideways, longways
Neutral


-wise
adj
direction
clockwise, lengthwise
Neutral


-wright
noun
person who makes
playwright, wheelwright, shipwright


-y
adj
having the quality of, inclined to
runny, messy, chewy
Neutral